[356] The Chronology of the Exodus and of Moses in the Mountain: The first Sabbath on 1513Iyyar22. The Law covenant on 1513Sivan7 a festival Sabbath, the day after the weekly Sabbath

From the Passover to Pentecost

The timeline of the exodus is closely related to the 3 annual festivals in the Hebrew Calendar.

The Passover lamb was sacrificed between the two evenings on Nisan14. The first evening occurring at sunset which is the start of the 24 hour day of Nisan14, and the second evening occurring at darkness, which is the end of the '12hour' daylight 'day' of Nisan13/14. The word 'day' takes the meaning either of when you can actually see something, (the '12hour' daylight day) or sunset to sunset in the scriptures. The Passover angel buzzed the Egyptians at midnight...

29 And it came about that at midnight Jehovah struck every firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh sitting on his throne to the firstborn of the captive who was in the prison hole, and every firstborn of beast (Exodus 12). 

During the night Pharaoh summoned Moses and finally permitted them to leave according to the terms the God has requested from him. And the Jews then stayed up all night stripping the Egyptians...

30 Then Pharaoh got up at night, he and all his servants and all [other] Egyptians; and there began arising a great outcry among the Egyptians, because there was not a house where there was not one dead.
31 At once he called Moses and Aaron by night and said: Get up, get out from the midst of my people, both you and the [other] sons of Israel, and go, serve Jehovah, just as you have stated.
32 Take both your flocks and your herds, just as you have stated, and go. Also, you must bless me besides.
33 And the Egyptians began to urge the people in order to send them away quickly out of the land, because, they said, we are all as good as dead!
34 Consequently the people carried their flour dough before it was leavened, with their kneading troughs wrapped up in their mantles upon their shoulder.
35 And the sons of Israel did according to the word of Moses in that they went asking from the Egyptians articles of silver and articles of gold and mantles (Exodus 13).

18 In the first month, on the 14th day of the month, in the evening you are to eat unfermented cakes down till the 21st day of the month in the evening.
19 7 days no sourdough is to be found in your houses, because anyone tasting what is leavened, whether he is an alien resident or a native of the land, that soul must be cut off from the assembly of Israel (Exodus 12).

36 And Jehovah gave the people favor in the eyes of the Egyptians, so that these granted them what was asked; and they stripped the Egyptians.
37 And the sons of Israel proceeded to depart from Rameses [They congregated in Rameses and started the first leg of their flight to Succoth. Succoth must have been 7 days away since the festival of cakes which institutionalises this flight began in the evening at the end of the 14th day of the month when the flight started and ended on the evening at the end of the 21st day of the month when the flight ended] for Succoth, to the number of 600,000 able-bodied men on foot, besides little ones.
38 And a vast mixed company also went up with them, as well as flocks and herds, a very numerous stock of animals.
39 And they began to bake the flour dough that they had brought out from Egypt into round cakes, unfermented cakes, because it had not leavened, for they had been driven out of Egypt and had not been able to linger and too they had not prepared any provisions for themselves.
40 And the dwelling of the sons of Israel, who had dwelt in Egypt, was 430 years.
41 And it came about at the end of the 430 years [1943Nisan14, when Abraham crossed the Euphrates, inaugurating his covenant, to the Passover in Egypt], it even came about on this very day [1513Nisan14] that all the armies of Jehovah went out of the land of Egypt [well they started to go out on Nisan14].
42 It is a night for observance with regard to Jehovah for bringing them out of the land of Egypt. With regard to Jehovah this night is one for observance on the part of all the sons of Israel throughout their generations (Exodus 13).

43 And Jehovah went on to say to Moses and Aaron: This is the statute of the passover: No foreigner may eat of it....
51 And it came about on this very day [the day of the passover, 1513Nisan14] that Jehovah brought the sons of Israel together with their armies out of the land of Egypt [The flight started this day but they did not leave Rameses until Nisan15 - see Numbers33:3] (Exodus 12).

2 And Moses kept recording the departure places by their stages at the order of Jehovah; and these were their stages from one departure place to another [they pitched camp at each departure point and collected everyone and then departed. During this time it would have been possible to bake fermented cakes]:
3 And they proceeded to pull away from Rameses in the first month, on the 15th day of the first month. Directly the day after the passover the sons of Israel went out with uplifted hand before the eyes of all the Egyptians.
4 All the while the Egyptians were burying those whom Jehovah had struck among them, that is, all the firstborn; and upon their gods Jehovah had executed judgments.
5 So the sons of Israel pulled away from Rameses and went camping in Succoth.
6 Then they pulled away from Succoth and went camping in Etham, which is on the edge of the wilderness.
7 Next they pulled away from Etham and turned back toward Pihahiroth, which is in view of Baal-zephon; and they went camping before Migdol.
8 After that they pulled away from Pihahiroth and went passing through the midst of the sea to the wilderness and kept marching a three-day journey in the wilderness of Etham and took up camping at Marah. 
9 Then they pulled away from Marah and came to Elim. Now in Elim there were 12 springs of water and 70 palm trees. So they camped there (Numbers 33).

So they left Goshen, the land of Rameses for Rameses on 1513Nisan14. They left Rameses on 1513Nisan15 and they encamped after the first stage of their journey at Succoth. The festival of cakes requires a continuous flight from the start of Nisan15 to the end of Nisan21, since unfermented cakes symbolise a flight. They did not camp in Rameses they just assembled and then departed. They camped in Succoth according to Numbers 33:3. Now whilst the camp was being set up, people would have time to bake fermented cakes. So Succoth must have marked the end of Cakes so it must have been reached and set up on 1513Nisan22. So it must have been 7 days march from Rameses. A couple of million people with women and children and herds of cattle cannot do more than around 2-2 miles per hour and not more than 8 hours per day (16-20 miles per day or 26-32 km per day). The passover bought them time since every family of Egyptians had to bury their dead. So Succoth was around 200 km from Rameses.

1 Jehovah now spoke to Moses, saying:
2 Speak to the sons of Israel, that they should turn back and encamp before Pihahiroth [mouth of the channel - or estuary] between Migdol [Meaning: Watchtower!] and the sea in view of Baal-zephon [Lord of the North] [King of the North?]. In front of it you are to encamp by the sea...
9
And the Egyptians went chasing after them, and all the chariot horses of Pharaoh and his cavalrymen and his military forces were overtaking them while camping by the sea, by Pihahiroth in view of Baal-zephon (Exodus 14).

They crossed the Reed/Red sea at the mouth of the gulf of Aquaba (Pihahiroth meaning mouth of the channel) see U249, for the geographical route of the Exodus. And have a look at the picture below from Steve Rudd at www.bible.ca. The Sinai desert looks so like a woman's womb and Israel was born at the cervix, when the waters broke - come on. Such an obvious symbolism!


Let us assume that they spent 3 days in Succoth, 1513Nisan22-24 inclusive. The total amount of days spent in booths during the exodus was 7 days...

42 It is in the booths you should dwell 7 days. All the natives in Israel should dwell in the booths,
43 in order that your generations may know that it was in the booths that I made the sons of Israel to dwell when I was bringing them out of the land of Egypt. I am Jehovah your God (Leviticus 23).

Then they pressed on from Succoth to Pihahiroth, this would have taken around 6 days being a further 150 km. Then they had to shoot up to Etham, camp there for a day and then double back to camp in front of Migdol. This would take another 3 days, taking us to 1513Iyyar3. Around this time 1513Iyyar2-3 Pharaoh's spies would have sent back to Pharaoh either by homing pigeon or by horseman that the Jews were wandering in confusion in the land and that the wilderness had closed in upon them. Then Pharaoh would have sent his 600 chariots to chase after them, together with his cavalrymen. This whole process would have taken 8 days with homing pigeons and at least 12 days without assuming that messengers on horseback can go twice as fast as 2 million Israelites on foot. But we know that they departed from Elim on 1513Iyyar15 (Exodus16:1). Let us assume they arrived there on 1513Iyyar14. Let us assume further than they left the bitter then sweet waters of Marah on 1513Iyyar14 (a good day for a curse to be removed) having arrived there on 1513Iyyar12/13. But they had a 3 day journey in the wilderness of Etham to get there from Pihahiroth across the Read/Reed Sea from 1513Iyyar10 to 1513Iyyar12/13. So they crossed the Red/Reed Sea on 1513Iyyar10, having spent 7/8 days in Booths at Pihahiroth in front of Migdol. And the Egyptians must have had homing pigeons to make this work!! 

1513Iyyar10 is the mid point between 1513Nisan14, the Passover, and 1513Sivan6, the giving of the Law (it was entered into at Pentecsot on 1513Sivan7.

The sons of Israel got protection from the pillar of cloud by day which was a pillar of fire by night during their journey from Succoth to the Red Sea crossing. This was around 17 days from 1513Nisan24 to 1513Iyyar10. We think from 1Kings18:38 that there are 17 fire signs, 17 pillars of cloud, a sign for a pillar of cloud led exodus day.

The first weekly Sabbath after the Exodus that the Jews observed was 1513Iyyar22

22 Later Moses caused Israel to depart from the Red Sea and they went out to the wilderness of Shur and marched on for 3 days in the wilderness, but they did not find water.
23 
And they came to Marah, but they were not able to drink the water from Marah because it was bitter. That is why he called its name Marah.
24 And the people began to murmur against Moses, saying: What are we to drink?
25 Then he cried out to Jehovah. So Jehovah directed him to a tree, and he threw it into the water and the water became sweet. There He established for them a regulation and a case for judgment and there he put them to the test.
26 And he went on to say: If you will strictly listen to the voice of Jehovah your God and will do what is right in his eyes and will indeed give ear to his commandments and keep all his regulations, I shall put none of the maladies upon you that I put upon the Egyptians; because I am Jehovah who is healing you.
27 After that they came to Elim, where there were 12 springs of water and 70 palm trees. So they went camping there by the water (Exodus 15).

1 Later they departed from Elim, and the entire assembly of the sons of Israel finally came to the wilderness of Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai, on the 15th day of the second month after their coming out of the land of Egypt.
2 And the entire assembly of the sons of Israel began to murmur against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness.
3 And the sons of Israel kept saying to them: If only we had died by Jehovah's hand in the land of Egypt while we were sitting by the pots of meat, while we were eating bread to satisfaction, because you have brought us out into this wilderness to put this whole congregation to death by famine.
4 Then Jehovah said to Moses: Here I am raining down bread for you from the heavens; and the people must go out and pick up each his amount day for day, in order that I may put them to the test as to whether they will walk in my law or not.
5 And it must occur on the 6th day [1513Iyyar21 because Iyyar16 was the first day of manna and the first day of the week - see verse 6] that they must prepare what they will bring in, and it must prove double what they keep picking up day by day.
6 So Moses and Aaron said to all the sons of Israel: At evening [i.e. the start of Iyyar16] you will certainly know that it is Jehovah who has brought you out from the land of Egypt.
7 And in the morning you will indeed see Jehovah's glory, because he has heard your murmurings against Jehovah. And what are we that you should murmur against us?
8 And Moses continued: It will be when Jehovah gives you in the evening meat to eat and in the morning bread to satisfaction, because Jehovah has heard your murmurings that you are murmuring against him. And what are we? Your murmurings are not against us, but against Jehovah.
9 And Moses went on to say to Aaron: Say to the entire assembly of the sons of Israel, 'Come near before Jehovah, because he has heard your murmurings.'
10 Then it occurred that as soon as Aaron had spoken to the entire assembly of the sons of Israel, they turned and faced toward the wilderness, and, look! Jehovah's glory appeared in the cloud.
11 And Jehovah spoke further to Moses, saying:
12 I have heard the murmurings of the sons of Israel. Speak to them, saying, 'Between the 2 evenings you will eat meat and in the morning you will be satisfied with bread; and you will certainly know that I am Jehovah your God.'
13 Accordingly it occurred that in the evening [1513Iyyar16, the first day of the Hebrew week, Saturday evening] the quails began to come up and cover the camp, and in the morning there had developed a layer of dew round about the camp.
14 In time the layer of dew evaporated and here upon the surface of the wilderness there was a fine flaky thing, fine like hoarfrost upon the earth.
15 When the sons of Israel got to see it, they began to say to one another: What is it? For they did not know what it was. Hence Moses said to them: It is the bread that Jehovah has given you for food.
16 This is the word that Jehovah has commanded, 'Pick up some of it, each one in proportion to his eating. You are to take an omer measure for each individual according to the number of the souls that each of you has in his tent.'
17 And the sons of Israel began to do so; and they went picking it up, some gathering much and some gathering little.
18 When they would measure it by the omer, he that had gathered much had no surplus and he that had gathered little had no shortage. They picked it up each one in proportion to his eating.
19 Then Moses said to them: Let nobody leave any of it until the morning.
20 But they did not listen to Moses. When some men would leave some of it until the morning, it would breed worms and stink; so that Moses became indignant at them.
21 And they would pick it up morning by morning, each one in proportion to his eating. When the sun got hot, it melted.
22 And it came about on the 6th day [1513Iyyar21] that they picked up twice as much bread, 2 omer measures for one person. So all the chieftains of the assembly came and reported it to Moses.
23 At that he said to them: It is what Jehovah has spoken. Tomorrow [1513Iyyar22] there will be a Sabbath observance of a holy Sabbath to Jehovah. What you can bake, bake, and what you can boil, boil, and all the surplus that there is save it up for you as something to be kept until the morning.
24 Accordingly they saved it up until the morning, just as Moses had commanded; and it did not stink nor did maggots develop in it.
25 Then Moses said: Eat it today, because today is a Sabbath to Jehovah. Today you will not find it in the field.
26 6 days you will pick it up, but on the 7th day is a Sabbath. On it none will form.
27 However, it came about on the 7th day [1513Iyyar22] that some of the people did go out to pick [it] up, but they found none.
28 Consequently Jehovah said to Moses: How long must you people refuse to keep my commandments and my laws? [until the Sabbath of the Kingdom of God]
29 Mark the fact that Jehovah has given you the Sabbath. That is why he is giving you on the 6th day the bread of 2 days. Keep sitting each one in his own place. Let nobody go out from his locality on the 7th day.
30 And the people proceeded to observe the Sabbath on the 7th day [1513Iyyar22] (Exodus16).

The law was made later on 1513Sivan6 as we shall soon see. So the Sabbath predated the law. So ending the law does not end the Sabbath.

The Law covenant was entered into on 1513Sivan7

1 In the 3rd month to the going forth of the sons of Israel from the land of Egypt, on the day, the this/same/such [the 3rd day of the month i.e. 1513Sivan3], they came into the wilderness of Sinai (Exodus 19).

One might at first think that they arrived on the first day of the month, but the expression "the day, the same/such/this" means that it was the 3rd day of the month just as it was the 3rd month. It could at a stretch mean the same day of the week that they left Egypt upon which would be 1513Sivan4/11/18/25 which is not unique and so cannot be correct. Or it could just be 1513Sivan15, the same day of the month that they left Egypt upon, but really the same must refer to the 3rd month not its qualifying phrase and we want them to get there in time for Pentecost! The 3rd day of the month fits really well because the Jews had by the end of 1513Sivan3 spent 7 full weeks of wandering about since the exodus on 1513Nisan15 counting inclusively. They would have stopped well before the fall of darkness to prepare their camp for the night, and then God called Moses to the mountain on Sivan4...

EXODUS CHAPTER 19
1 In the 3rd month to the going forth of the sons of Israel from the land of Egypt, on the same day [1513Sivan3], they came into the wilderness of Sinai.
2 And they proceeded to pull away from Rephidim and to come into the wilderness of Sinai and to encamp in the wilderness; and Israel went camping there in front of the mountain.
3 And Moses went up to the [true] God, and Jehovah began to call to him out of the mountain, saying: This is what you are to say to the house of Jacob and to tell the sons of Israel,
4 'You yourselves have seen what I did to the Egyptians, that I might carry you on wings of eagles and bring you to myself.
5 And now if you will strictly obey my voice and will indeed keep my covenant, then you will certainly become my special property out of all [other] peoples, because the whole earth belongs to me.
6 And you yourselves will become to me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.' These are the words that you are to say to the sons of Israel.
7 So Moses came and called the older men of the people and set before them all these words that Jehovah had commanded him.
8 After that all the people answered unanimously and said: All that Jehovah has spoken we are willing to do. Immediately Moses took back the words of the people to Jehovah.
9 At this Jehovah said to Moses: Look! I am coming to you in a dark cloud, in order that the people may hear when I speak with you, and that in you also they may put faith to time indefinite. Then Moses reported the words of the people to Jehovah.
10 And Jehovah went on to say to Moses: Go to the people, and you must sanctify them today and tomorrow, and they must wash their mantles.
11 And they must prove ready for the 3rd day, because on the 3rd day Jehovah will come down before the eyes of all the people upon Mount Sinai.
12 And you must set bounds for the people round about, saying, 'Guard yourselves against going up into the mountain, and do not touch the edge of it. Anybody touching the mountain will positively be put to death.
13 No hand is to touch him, because he will be stoned or casting/shooting through he will be shot through. Whether beast or man, he will not live.' At the blowing of the ram's horn they themselves may come up to the mountain.
14 Then Moses went down from the mountain to the people, and he set about sanctifying the people; and they engaged in washing their mantles.
15 Accordingly he said to the people: Get ready during the 3 [whole] days [Sivan4/5/6]. Do not you men come near a woman.
16 And on the 3rd day [Sivan6] when it became morning it came about that thunders and lightnings began occurring, and a heavy cloud upon the mountain and a very loud sound of a horn, so that all the people who were in the camp began to tremble.
17 Moses now brought the people out of the camp to meet the [true] God, and they went taking their stand at the base of the mountain.
18 And Mount Sinai smoked all over, due to the fact that Jehovah came down upon it in fire; and its smoke kept ascending like the smoke of a kiln, and the whole mountain was trembling very much.
19 When the sound of the horn became continually louder and louder, Moses began to speak, and the [true] God began to answer him with a voice.
20 So Jehovah came down upon Mount Sinai to the top of the mountain. Then Jehovah called Moses to the top of the mountain, and Moses went on up.
21 Jehovah now said to Moses: Go down, warn the people, that they do not try to break through to Jehovah to take a look and many of them have to fall.
22 And let the priests also who regularly come near to Jehovah sanctify themselves, that Jehovah may not break through/forth in/upon them.
23 At this Moses said to Jehovah: The people are not able to come up to Mount Sinai, because you yourself already warned us, saying, 'Set bounds for the mountain and make it sacred.'
24 However, Jehovah said to him: Go, descend, and you must come up, you and Aaron with you; but let not the priests and the people break through to come up to Jehovah, that he may not break through/forth in/upon them.
25 Accordingly Moses descended to the people and told them (Exodus 19).

1 And God proceeded to speak all these words, saying:
2 I am Jehovah your God, who have brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slaves.
3 You must not have any other gods against my face.
4 You must not make for yourself a carved image or a form like anything that is in the heavens above or that is on the earth underneath or that is in the waters under the earth.
5 You must not bow down to them nor be induced to serve them, because I Jehovah your God am a God exacting exclusive devotion, bringing punishment for the error of fathers upon sons, upon the 3rd generation and upon the 4th generation, in the case of those who hate me;
6 but exercising loving-kindness toward the thousandth generation in the case of those who love me and keep my commandments.
7 You must not take up the name of Jehovah your God in a worthless way, for Jehovah will not leave the one unpunished who takes up his name in a worthless way.
8 Remembering the Sabbath day to hold it sacred,
9 you are to render service and you must do all your work 6 days.
10 But the 7th day is a Sabbath to Jehovah your God. You must not do any work, you nor your son nor your daughter, your slave man nor your slave girl nor your domestic animal nor your alien resident who is inside your gates.
11 For in 6 days Jehovah made the heavens and the earth, the sea and everything that is in them, and he proceeded to rest on the 7th day. That is why Jehovah blessed the Sabbath day and proceeded to make it sacred.
12 Honor your father and your mother in order that your days may prove long upon the ground that Jehovah your God is giving you.
13 You must not murder.
14 You must not commit adultery.
15 You must not steal.
16 You must not testify falsely as a witness against your fellowman.
17 You must not desire your fellowman's house. You must not desire your fellowman's wife, nor his slave man nor his slave girl nor his bull nor his ass nor anything that belongs to your fellowman.
18 Now all the people were seeing the thunders and the lightning flashes and the sound of the horn and the mountain smoking. When the people got to see it, then they quivered and stood at a distance.
19 And they began to say to Moses: You speak with us, and let us listen; but let not God speak with us for fear we may die.

20 So Moses said to the people: Do not be afraid, because for the sake of putting you to the test the [true] God has come, and in order that the fear of him may continue before your faces that you may not sin.
21 And the people kept standing at a distance, but Moses went near to the dark cloud mass where the [true] God was.
22 And Jehovah went on to say to Moses: This is what you are to say to the sons of Israel, 'You yourselves have seen that it was from the heavens I spoke with you.
23
you must not make along with me gods of silver, and you must not make gods of gold for yourselves.
24 An altar of ground you are to make for me, and you must sacrifice upon it your burnt offerings and your communion sacrifices, your flock and your herd. In every place where I shall cause my name to be remembered I shall come to you and shall certainly bless you.
25 And if you should make an altar of stones for me, you must not build them as hewn stones. In the event that you do wield your chisel upon it, then you will profane it.
26 And you must not go up by steps to my altar, that your private parts may not be exposed upon it.' (Exodus 20 NWT)

1 And these are the judicial decisions that you are to set before them:
2 In case you should buy a Hebrew slave, he will be a slave 6 years, but in the 7th he will go out as one set free without charge... (Exodus 21 NWT)

Continuing until....

32 You are not to conclude a covenant with them or their gods.
33 They should not dwell in your land, that they may not cause you to sin against me. In case you should serve their gods, it would become a snare to you. (Exodus 23 NWT)

1 And to Moses he [God's angel] said: Go up to Jehovah, you and Aaron, Nadab and Abihu and 70 of the older men of Israel, and you must bow down from a distance.
2 And Moses by himself must approach Jehovah; but they should not approach, and the people should not go up with him.
3 Then Moses came and related to the people all the words of Jehovah and all the judicial decisions, and all the people answered with one voice and said: All the words that Jehovah has spoken we are willing to do.
4 And Moses wrote down all the words of Jehovah [surely before he told the people although it does not read like that]. Then he got up early in the morning [Sivan7] and built at the foot of the mountain an altar and 12 pillars corresponding with the 12 tribes of Israel.
5 After that he sent young men of the sons of Israel and they offered up burnt offerings and sacrificed bulls as sacrifices, as communion sacrifices to Jehovah.
6 Then Moses took half the blood and put it in bowls, and half the blood he sprinkled upon the altar.
7 Finally he took the book of the covenant and read it in the ears of the people. Then they said: All that Jehovah has spoken we are willing to do and be obedient.
8 So Moses took the blood and sprinkled it upon the people and said: Here is the blood of the covenant that Jehovah has concluded with you as respects all these words.
9 And Moses and Aaron, Nadab and Abihu and 70 of the older men of Israel proceeded to go up,
10 and they got to see the God of Israel. And under his feet there was what seemed like a work of sapphire flagstones and like the very heavens for purity.
11 And he did not put out his hand against the distinguished men of the sons of Israel, but they got a vision of the [true] God and ate and drank.
12 And Jehovah said to Moses: Come up to me in the mountain and stay there [He must have said this not on Sivan7 but on Sivan6, when he was first given the law. So from the minute he entered into the mountain he stayed there in the sense that he became domiciled there. Then on Sivan7 he went up and stayed there in the sense of not leaving the mountain until the end of the 40 days and 40 nights counting not from Sivan7 when he entered after the Pentecost sacrifices but from Sivan6 when he entered to go to the top and to get the law. So we deduce that he spent the night of Sivan7 in the mountain not in the camp], as I want to give you the stone tablets and the law and the commandment that I must write in order to teach them.
13 And Moses and Joshua his minister got up and Moses went up into the mountain of the [true] God.
14 But to the older men he had said: You wait for us in this place until we return to you. And, look! Aaron and Hur are with you. Whoever has a case at law, let him approach them.
15 Thus Moses went up into the mountain while the cloud was covering the mountain.
16 And Jehovah's glory continued to reside upon Mount Sinai, and the cloud continued to cover it for 6 days. At length on the 7th day [1513Sivan13, a weekly Sabbath] he called to Moses from the midst of the cloud.
17 And to the eyes of the sons of Israel the sight of Jehovah's glory was like a devouring fire on the mountaintop [so Israel could see the lower part of the mountain bit not the top].
18 Then Moses entered into the midst of the cloud and went on up the mountain [these 7 days are the 7 presidencies of the first true church of each presence]. And Moses was in the mountain [staying there] 40 days and 40 nights [From the day of 1513Sivan6 to the night of 1513Tammuz16 inclusively. He did spend the night of Sivan7 up the mountain - see verse12]. (Exodus 24 NWT).

9 When I went up the mountain to receive the stone tablets, the tablets of the covenant that Jehovah had concluded with you, and I kept dwelling in the mountain 40 days and 40 nights, I neither ate bread nor drank water,
10 And Jehovah gave me the 2 tablets of stone written upon with God's finger; and upon them were all the words that Jehovah had spoken with you in the mountain out of the middle of the fire in the day of the congregation.
11 And it came about that at the end of the 40 days and 40 nights Jehovah gave me the 2 tablets of stone, the tablets of the covenant;
12 and Jehovah proceeded to say to me, 'Get up, go down quickly from here, because your people whom you brought out of Egypt have acted ruinously. They have turned aside quickly from the way about which I commanded them. They have made themselves a molten image.' (Deuteronomy 9 NWT)

4 Then he took [the gold] from their hands, and he formed it with a graving tool and proceeded to make it into a molten statue of a calf. And they began to say: This is your God, Oh Israel, who led you up out of the land of Egypt.
5 When Aaron got to see this, he went to building an altar before it. Finally Aaron called out and said: There is a festival to Jehovah tomorrow.
6 So on the next day [1513Tammuz16] they were early in rising, and they began offering up burnt offerings and presenting communion sacrifices. After that the people sat down to eat and drink. Then they got up to have a good time.
7 Jehovah now said to Moses: Go, descend, because your people whom you led up out of the land of Egypt have acted ruinously. (Exodus 32 NWT)

19 So it came about that as soon as he got near the camp [while still on the mountain] and could see the calf and the dances, Moses' anger began to blaze, and he at once threw the tablets from his hands and shattered them at the foot of the mountain [1513Tammuz16 in the day after the idolatrous party began in the morning, just as he was reaching the bottom of the mountain after completing the 40th night of 1513Tammuz16].
20 Then he took the calf that they had made and he burnt it with fire and crushed it till it was fine, after which he scattered it upon the surface of the waters and made the sons of Israel drink it.
21 After that Moses said to Aaron: What did this people do to you that you have brought a great sin upon it?
22 To this Aaron said: Do not let the anger of my lord blaze. You yourself well know the people, that they are evil-inclined.
23 So they said to me, 'Make for us a god who will go ahead of us, because as regards this Moses, the man who led us up out of the land of Egypt, we certainly do not know what has happened to him.'
24 Hence I said to them, 'Who have any gold? They must tear it off themselves that they may give it to me.' And I proceeded to throw it into the fire and this calf came on out.
25 And Moses got to see that the people went unrestrained, because Aaron had let them go unrestrained for a disgrace among their opposers.
26 Then Moses took his stand in the gate of the camp and said: Who is on Jehovah's side? To me! And all the sons of Levi began gathering themselves to him.
27 He now said to them: This is what Jehovah the God of Israel has said, 'Put each one of you his sword on his side. Pass through and return from gate to gate in the camp and kill each one his brother and each one his fellow and each one his intimate acquaintance.'
28 And the sons of Levi proceeded to do as Moses had said, so that there fell of the people on that day [1513Tammuz16] about 3,000 men.
29 And Moses went on to say: Fill your hand today with power for Jehovah, because each one of you is against his own son and his own brother, and that he may confer a blessing upon you today.
30 And it came about on the very next day [1513Tammuz17] that Moses proceeded to say to the people: You -- you have sinned with a great sin, and now I shall go up to Jehovah. Perhaps I can make amends for your sin. (Exodus 32 NWT)

5 When Aaron got to see this, he went to building an altar before it. Finally Aaron called out and said: There is a festival to Jehovah tomorrow. (Exodus 32 NWT)

Aaron was making this festival up for his own purposes. But in the greater meaning, Aaron is a prophet, so it is to be a festival in the future. It is a fast of the Jews, Tammuz17, tablet shattering day and constant feature termination day for Solomon's and Zerubbabel's temples. It is not a festival of the Jews. But combine this with Zechariah8:19 and we see it is to be a festival of the Christians. It is in fact Zoar first fruits.

17 At that I took hold of the 2 tablets and flung them down from both my hands and shattered them before your eyes.
18 And I proceeded to prostrate myself before Jehovah, as at first, 40 days and 40 nights [the day of 1513Tammuz17 to the night of 1513Ab27 inclusively]. I neither ate bread nor drank water, because of all your sin that you had committed in doing evil in the eyes of Jehovah so as to offend him.
19 For I was scared because of the hot anger with which Jehovah had got indignant at you to the point of annihilating you. However, Jehovah listened to me also that time.
20 At Aaron, too, Jehovah got very incensed to the point of annihilating him; but I made supplication also in behalf of Aaron at that particular time.
21 And your sin that you had made, the calf, I took, and I proceeded to burn it in the fire and to crush it, grinding it thoroughly until it had become fine like dust; after which I threw its dust into the torrent that was descending from the mountain.
22 Further, at Taberah and at Massah and at Kibroth-hattaavah you proved yourselves provokers of Jehovah to anger.
23 And when Jehovah sent you out of Kadesh-barnea, saying, 'Go up and take possession of the land that I shall certainly give you!' then you behaved rebelliously against the order of Jehovah your God, and you did not exercise faith toward him and did not listen to his voice.
24 you have proved yourselves rebellious in behaviour with Jehovah from the day of my knowing you.
25 So I kept prostrating myself before Jehovah 40 days and 40 nights [the day of 1513Tammuz17 to the night of 1513Ab27 inclusively], for I prostrated myself thus because Jehovah talked of annihilating you. (Deuteronomy 9 NWT)

1 At that particular time Jehovah said to me, 'Carve for yourself 2 tablets of stone like the first ones, and come up to me into the mountain [after having gone down to carve out the tables and make the ark], and you must make an ark of wood for yourself.
2 And I shall write upon the tablets the words that appeared on the first tablets, which you shattered, and you must place them in the ark.'
3 So I made an ark of acacia wood and carved 2 tablets of stone like the first ones and went up into the mountain [for a 3rd time], and the 2 tablets were in my hand.
4 Then he wrote upon the tablets the same writing as the first, the 10 Words, which Jehovah had spoken to you in the mountain out of the middle of the fire in the day of the congregation; after which Jehovah gave them to me.
5 Then I turned and went down from the mountain [after the end of the 3rd period of 40 days and 40 nights in the mountain] and placed the tablets in the ark that I had made, that they might continue there, just as Jehovah had commanded me. (Deuteronomy 10 NWT)

1 Then Jehovah said to Moses: Carve out for yourself 2 tablets of stone like the first ones, and I must write upon the tablets the words that appeared on the first tablets, which you shattered.
2 And get ready for the morning, as you must go up in the morning [of 1513Ab28/29. He came down on the day of 1513Ab27. So he goes up at the earliest on 1513Ab28 and at the latest on 1513Ab29 in order that he comes down before atonement day] into Mount Sinai and station yourself by me there on the top of the mountain.
3 But nobody may go up with you and, too, let nobody else be seen in all the mountain. What is more, no flock or herd should be pasturing in front of that mountain.
4 Accordingly Moses carved out 2 tablets of stone like the first ones and got up early in the morning and went on up into Mount Sinai, just as Jehovah had commanded him, and he was taking the 2 tablets of stone in his hand.
5 And Jehovah proceeded to come down in the cloud and station himself with him there and declare the name of Jehovah. (Exodus 34 NWT).

28 And he continued there with Jehovah 40 days and 40 nights [the day of 1513Ab28/29 to the night of 1513Tishri8/9, inclusively, in time for Atonement day - when Moses would by one with the people]. He ate no bread and he drank no water. And he proceeded to write upon the tablets the words of the covenant, the 10 Words.
29 Now it came about when Moses came down from Mount Sinai that the 2 tablets of the Testimony were in the hand of Moses when he came down from the mountain, and Moses did not know that the skin of his face emitted rays because of his having spoken with him. (Exodus 34 NWT)

Date Event
1513Sivan3 Arrived at Mount Sinai (in Arabia)
1513Sivan3 (Sabbath) 19:3: Moses goes up to Jehovah (at the base of the mountain). Jehovah calls him and gives him the law covenant proposal, but not the covenant itself. He asks would Israel like to enter into a law covenant with me, that would make me their King?
1513Sivan3 (Sabbath) 19:8 Moses goes back and calls the older men and asks them if they would like God to be their King and to enter into a covenant with him to obey his laws. They spoke to all Israel and unanimously all Israel agreed.
1513Sivan3 (Sabbath) God says to Moses Look I am coming in a dark cloud. Moses said all the people have agreed. God says sanctify yourselves over the next 3 days. (1513Sivan4/5/6) and on the 3rd day I am coming. God tells Moses that anyone who touches the mountain, man or beast, is stoned or shot through (i.e killed without being touched). A the blowing of the ram's horn they must come to the bounds of the mountain. 
1513Sivan4 (Sabbath) Moses goes down from the base of the mountain, sanctifies the people who wash their mantles. Told them to get ready in 3 days 
1513Sivan6 (Sabbath) In the morning thunders and lightning a heavy cloud smoke fire loud horn trembling of camp and of mountain 
1513Sivan6 (Sabbath) Moses brings the people out of the camp to the base of the mountain
1513Sivan6 (Sabbath) God descends from heaven to the top of the mountain. Calls Moses up to the top of the mountain. 
1513Sivan6 (Sabbath) Moses goes up into the mountain during the day of Sivan6. And God says go back down and warn the people not to break through to Jehovah and take a look that many will fall. And let the priests who regularly come near to Jehovah sanctify themselves that God does not break through in/upon them.
1513Sivan6 (Sabbath) God tells Moses to go down and get Aaron and come up and tell the priests and the people not to break through the bounds so that I do not break through/forth in/upon down.
1513Sivan6 (Sabbath) Moses went down and told the people. 
1513Sivan6 (Sabbath) God tells the 10 commandments directly to the people (including Moses).
1513Sivan6 (Sabbath) The people 'see' the thunders lightning sound of the horn and mountain smoking and got afraid and told Moses and stood at a distance. They asked Moses to speak to God do not let him speak with us for fear we may die.
1513Sivan6 (Sabbath) Moses said God came to test you in order that you remain in fear and do not sin.
1513Sivan6 (Sabbath) Moses goes near to the dark cloud, i.e. into the mountain but not but not up the mountain to the top where the cloud was. God then gives him the rest of the law.
1513Sivan6 (Sabbath) Moses is then told after getting the law to go up to Jehovah (into the mountain, inside the bounds, but not up to the top of the mountain not up to the cloud) and bring Aaron Nadab Abiru and the 70 older men
1513Sivan6 (Sabbath) Moses tells the people the rest of the law.
1513Sivan6 (Sabbath) 24:3 All the people answered with one voice and said: All the words that Jehovah has spoken we are willing to do.
1513Sivan6 (Sabbath) 24:4 Moses writes down all the words of the law (at some point in the proceedings)
1513Sivan7 Moses builds an altar under the mountain and the young men offer sacrifices upon it. So the altar is outside of the bounds. 
1513Sivan7 Moses takes the blood of the sacrifices poured out before the animals are offered up and sprinkles half over the people and half on the altar and calls it the blood of the law covenant. 
1513Sivan7 Moses read the words of the law from the book in which had written them, in the ears of the people. 
1513Sivan7 24:7 The people said: All that Jehovah has spoken we are willing to do and be obedient.
1513Sivan7 Moses sprinkles the blood of the sacrifices of Bulls upon the people. Pentecost. The law covenant is validated/comes into force by sacrifices.  " Here is the blood of the covenant that Jehovah has concluded with you as respects all these words."
1513Sivan7 Moses Aaron Nabad Abiru and the 70 older men go up to Jehovah (not up the mountain) And God did not put out his hand against them (even though they were presumably inside the bounds)
1513Sivan7 They all get a vision of God with Sapphire flagstones of heavenly purity under his feet. They eat and drink.
1513Sivan7 God invites Moses up the mountain to receive stone tables upon which God has written the law which Moses has already written in a book.
1513Sivan7 Moses and Joshua his minister go up into the mountain, which is covered/topped by the cloud, leaving Israel in the hands of Aaron and Hur. But he did not go into the cloud for the first 6 days.
1513Sivan13 On the 7th day after the Pentecost inclusively, the Pentecost being the first of the week, Moses is called by Jehovah from the midst of the cloud.
1513Sivan13 Moses enters into the midst of the cloud and goes up to the top of the mountain.
1513Sivan13 - 1513Tammuz16 Moses receives the 2 tablets not made with hands written upon by the finger of God
1513Tammuz16 Daytime after 40 days and 40 nights from the day of Sivan6 to the night of Tammuz16, Moses shatters the 2 tablets given him by God
1513Tammuz16 The Levites kill 3,000 men at the command of Moses
1513Tammuz17-1513Ab27 Moses goes up the mountain to prostrate himself and beg forgiveness for Aaron and the people
1513Ab27-28/29 Moses is back down again making the ark and the tablets made with hands
1513Ab28/29 - 1513Tishri28/29 Moses goes back up the mountain by himself, with the tablets in his hand but not the ark, to receive another copy of the law. He also receives an addition to the LCC whereby God will drive out the Amorites, Canaanites, Hittites, Perrizites, Jebusites and Hivites from the land so long as Israel enters into no covenants with them and pulls down their altars and does not intermarry with them. God shows him his back and Moses' face starts emitting rays. 
1513Tishri8/9 After the night, in the morning of 1513Tishri9, Moses comes back down the mountain to the people. This is just in time to be at one with his people on Atonement day, which starts in th evening after 1513Tishri9.

There is a good approximation to the above on http://www.chabad.org/global/popup/default_cdo/aid/1329/jewish/Sin-and-Sanctity.htm

29 Now it came about when Moses came down from Mount Sinai that the 2 tablets of the Testimony were in the hand of Moses when he came down from the mountain, and Moses did not know that the skin of his face emitted rays because of his having spoken with him.
30 When Aaron and all the sons of Israel got to see Moses, why, look! the skin of his face emitted rays and they grew afraid of coming near to him.
31 And Moses proceeded to call them. So Aaron and all the chieftains among the assembly came back to him, and Moses began to speak to them.
32 First after that all the sons of Israel came near to him, and he began commanding them all that Jehovah had spoken with him on Mount Sinai.
33 When Moses would finish speaking with them, he would put a veil over his face.
34 But when Moses would go in before Jehovah to speak with him, he would take away the veil until his going out. And he went out and spoke to the sons of Israel what he would be commanded.
35 And the sons of Israel saw Moses' face, that the skin of Moses' face emitted rays; and Moses put the veil back over his face until he went in to speak with him. (Exodus 34 NWT)

So the glory of Moses' face was veiled unless he was speaking God's commandments to people. So in the greater meaning the face of the LWs, this website, is veiled to the reader by the nuclear prediction failures since 2006. But when people join the LWs so as to accept commandments from FDS4, then the veil is lifted and they can see behind the facade of nuclear failure to the glory of God that we have in abundance. 

First Tablets (Law of FDS1 and FDS3) Second Tablets (Law of FDS2 and FDS4)
Moses stayed 40 days and nights Moses stayed 40 days and nights
Tablets carved by God Tablets carved by Moses
The day 1513Sivan6 to the night of 1513Tammuz16 inclusively The day of 1513Ab28/29 to the night of 1513Tishri8/9 inclusively
Written on both sides Not said to be written on both sides
Neither ate bread not drank water Neither ate bread nor drank water
  Skin of Face unknowingly emitted rays
Written by God's finger directly Written by God through Moses
Shattered by Moses on 1513Tammuz16 Not shattered
10 words written (commandments) Same writing as the first tablets
Tablets of a covenant Tablets of a covenant

For more on this please see U200.

18 For you have not approached that which can be felt and which has been set aflame with fire, and a dark cloud and thick darkness and a tempest,
19 and the blare of a trumpet and the voice of words; on hearing which voice the people implored that no word should be added to them.
20 For the command was not bearable to them: And if a beast touches the mountain, it must be stoned.
21 Also, the display was so fearsome that Moses said: I am fearful and trembling. (Hebrews 12 NWT)

So the 10 commandments were given on 1513Sivan6. But the first operational day of the law was Pentecost on 1513Sivan7, when the sacrifices were made. This is when the law covenant began. It was validated with the blood of bulls on that day. Incidentally, the barley was struck in the ear in Egypt during the 7th plague of hail, so the Jews were unable to eat any new grain whilst in Egypt. So the first new grain that they would have eaten would have been during the day of Nisan16, having left Etham. This would be the pattern for the festival of the first fruits on Nisan16.

So now we can relate the Pentecost of 33CE to the Pentecost of 1513 BCE. Pentecost 33CE was the birth of the Christian church from a power and sealing and numerical standpoint and Pentecost 1513CE was the birth of the nation of Israel from a covenant standpoint.