[127] The Family under Law

Under law, the Jewish son had his father as his administrative head, or 'king', until such time as he left his father and mother and stuck to his wife.

20 Observe oh my son the commandment of your father, and do not forsake the law of your mother (Proverbs 6).

8 Listen, my son, to the discipline of your father, and do not forsake the law of your mother (Proverbs 1).

18 In case a man happens to have a son who is stubborn and rebellious, he not listening to the voice of his father or to the voice of his mother, and they have corrected him, but he will not listen to them. 
19 His father and his mother must also take hold of him and bring him out to the older men of his city and to the gate of his place, 
20 and they must say to the older men of his city: This son of ours is stubborn and rebellious, he is not listening to our voice, being a drunkard and a glutton. Then all the men of his city must pelt him with stones and he must die (Deuteronomy 21).

From this it is apparent that his stubbornness and rebelliousness must be of a significant nature, making him a good for nothing son, not merely of a trivial nature, in order for him to be stoned.

His mother was of course the physical "priest" who mediated physical life on behalf of Jehovah to his son. But it was the father who mediated the entrance of his son into the Jewish nation, God's adopted family, this being the naming of him, as a Jew in his tribe, this being his genealogical enrolment. This occurred on the 8th day of his life at his circumcision.

11 And you must get circumcised in the flesh of your foreskins, and it must serve as a sign of the covenant between me and you. 
12 And every male of yours 8 days old, must be circumcised according to your generations, anyone born in the house and anyone purchased with money from any foreigner who is not from your seed (Genesis 17).

This was the covenant of the circumcision from1919Tishri-1920Tishri to 36Tishri14, 1955/1956 years.

3 And on the 8th day the flesh of his foreskin will be circumcised (Leviticus 12).

59 And on the 8th day they came to circumcise the young child, and they were going to call it by the name of its father Zechariah. 
60 But its mother answered and said: No indeed! but he shall be called John (Luke 1).

21 Now when 8 days came to the full for circumcising him, his name was also called Jesus, the name called by the angel before he was conceived in the womb (Luke 2).

So the fathers, the heads of the households of both John and Jesus mediated their entrance into God's adopted family of the Jews. The family head could acts as a true priest forgiving sins, at the first Passover after one of his children reached 20 years old, old enough to be registered into the army.

7 And no inheritance of the sons of Israel should circulate from tribe to tribe, because the sons of Israel should cleave, each one to the inheritance of the tribe of his forefathers (Numbers 36).

23 'So the land should not be sold in perpetuity, because the land is mine. For you are alien residents and settlers from my standpoint. 
24 And in all the land of your possession you should grant to the land the right of buying back. 
25 'In case your brother grows poor and has to sell some of his possession, a repurchaser closely related to him must also come and buy back what his brother sold. 
26 And in case anyone proves to have no repurchaser and his own hand does make gain and he does find enough for its repurchase, 
27 he must also calculate the years from when he sold it and he must return what money remains over to the man to whom he made the sale, and he must return to his possession. 
28 'But if his hand does not find enough to give back to him, what he sold must also continue in the hand of its purchaser until the Jubilee year; and it must go out in the Jubilee, and he must return to his possession (Leviticus 25). 

These laws ensured that everybody inherited some of the promised land. This is rather different from the situation that pertains today in Belgravia.

So in summary the Jewish son enjoyed the administrative headship of his father, the priesthood of his father, in his mediating entrance into the nation, god's adopted family, and the land of his father, was where he lived.